Morphine is a narcotic painkiller. Named after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams, morphine is derived from the opium plant. While more than 1,000 tons of morphine are isolated each year, much of the drug is synthesized into codeine, heroin and other drugs, making it the prototypical opioid.

Morphine Abuse

Morphine can be taken orally in tablet form, but those who are addicted to morphine typically inject it. The drug is quickly absorbed, though much of its potency is lost as it passes through the liver when taken in tablet form. Side effects of morphine abuse may include:

  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Anxiety
  • Depression and irritability
  • Sweating
  • Itching
  • Rash
  • Tingling sensations
  • Insomnia
  • Tremors or seizures
  • Memory loss
  • Blurred vision

Treating Morphine Addiction

Like heroin and other opiates, morphine is highly addictive. Treatment for morphine addiction typically begins with morphine detox, followed by outpatient or inpatient morphine rehab. The best morphine addiction treatment centers emphasize counseling, coping skills and an enhanced support system to guard against relapse.